Julia Domna (160–217) was the cultivated and influential wife of Septimius Severus. The couple had two sons together, Caracalla and Geta. Domna was the sister of Julia Maesa.
Domna had political influence over her husband, and was widely respected and praised. Julia Domna, too, was given the title “Augusta.”
Much to her displeasure, her sons, Caracalla and Geta, became rivals. Caracalla organized a meeting between the two at Julia’s house. Caracalla surprise attacked his brother, Geta, and stabbed him. He died in his mother’s arms.
Julia Domna chose to rise above this tragedy and she continued to guide Caracalla in politics. Whilst her son was campaigning, he gave her jurisdiction over the civilian administration, and gifted her with the title of “mother of the Senate and of the fatherland.”
Upon hearing about the murder of Caracalla, Julia Domna committed suicide. After her death, Domna was deified and worshipped. One coin we have in our collection reads “MATER DEUM” (mother of gods) on the reverse.